MUSCLE QUIZ STUDY GUIDE

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WHY MUSCLES?

  The following information is important for you to know for your periodic muscle quizzes throughout the school year.  Knowing muscle anatomy and function is important to know not only for training purposes but also for injury prevention and treatment


QUIZ PROCEDURES

  1. BulletWords DO NOT have to be spelled correctly, however, it must be obvious that what you have written down is the answer.

  2. BulletAny type of method can be used for your quiz.

  3. BulletQuizzes may be given as pop quizzes.

  4. BulletMuscle quizzes usually account for approximately 5% of your overall PE grade.


VOCABULARY WORDS YOU NEED TO KNOW

Anterior: Front half of the body

Posterior:  Rear half of the body

Upper Extremity: Muscles above the waist

Lower Extremity: Muscles below the waist


MUSCLES YOU NEED TO KNOW

CHECK OUT THE MUSCLE DIAGRAM AS YOU STUDY THESE.  KNOWING WHERE THEY ARE WILL BE VERY HELPFUL IN LEARNING THEIR NAMES.

Upper Extremity

  1. BulletPectorals (Upper Extremity/Anterior):  These are chest muscles.  You work your pectorals when you do push ups. 

  2. BulletDeltoids (Upper Extremity/Anterior or Posterior):  These are the muscles that are on the side of your upper arm.  Your deltoids are right under your trapezius muscle.

  3. BulletTrapezius (Upper Extremity/Anterior):  These are also known as your “traps”.  These are on the very top of your shoulder.  They connect your neck to your shoulder.  You actually work them when you “shrug” your shoulders.

  4. BulletBiceps (Upper Extremity/Anterior):  These are in the front of your upper arm.  Your bicep is the muscle that gets big when you curl your arm in front of the mirror. 

  5. BulletTriceps (Upper Extremity/Posterior):  These are located directly behind your bicep.  You flex your tricep when you hold your arm straight and tight.

  6. BulletLatissimus Dorsi (Upper Extremity/Posterior) :  This is your HUGE, V-SHAPED back muscle that runs from the top of your back near your neck to your lower back above your gluteus.

  7. BulletAbdominals (Upper Extremity/Anterior):  These are in the front of your body, right above your waist and below your pectorals.  Most middle school kids know of the “abs” because this is where you see the “six pack”.

Lower Extremity

  1. BulletIlliotibial Band (IT Band) (Lower Extremity/Lateral):  This runs along the side of your leg from your hip to the side of your knee.  It is not technically a muscle, but, it is close enough to a muscle that most people call it a muscle.

  2. BulletGluteus Maximus (Lower Extremity/Posterior):  Three gluteal muscles that make up the human buttocks.  The Gluteus Maximus is the largest muscle in the human body and also considered the strongest.

  3. BulletQuadraceps (Lower Extremity/Anterior):  These are the huge muscles in the front of your upper leg.  These muscles connect to the front of your waist area.  You can feel them flex when you squeeze your leg tight and straight.

  4. BulletHamstrings (Lower Extremity/Posterior):  These are the muscles directly behind your quadriceps on the back of your upper leg.  You can feel you hamstrings flex when you stand and bring your foot to your butt.

  5. BulletGastrocnemius (Lower Extremity/Posterior):  These are your “calf” muscles.  You flex your gastrocnemius when you step on your tip toes.   


THE FOLLOWING ARE SOME OF THE FORMATS OF THE CLASS QUIZZES

1.I might stand in front of the class, point at a muscle on my body and you have to write it down.

2.I might demonstrate a particular stretch and you have to identify the main muscle that it stretches.

3.I might ask you to list a certain number of Upper Extremity and Lower Extremity muscles.

4.I might give you a multiple choice test and you pick the correct answer.

5.I might give a description of where the muscle is on the body and you have to name the muscle.

6.I might give you a diagram as a handout and you have to label all the muscles that are identified.